By Mjoset, Lars Mjoset, Stephen Van Holde
This quantity contributes to the comparative research of army conscription. matters mentioned comprise: a conceptual rationalization of conscription as wonderful from volunteerism and defense force carrier; the emergence of the citizen soldier version; styles of anti-militarism ahead of international conflict I; conscription in 3rd global armies; gender-issues with regards to army carrier; the current phenomenon of kid infantrymen in Africa; the decline of conscript armies in Western Europe. A assessment part discusses the contribution of rational selection conception to the research of conscription into army forces.
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Extra info for The Comparative Study of Conscription in the Armed Forces (Comparative Social Research)
Military service was for 10 years. The system was based on a direct relationship between the local Norwegian administration and the farmers. In Denmark, by contrast, a 1701 law consolidated the system in which the nobility conscripted young males from the rural population. In order to ensure a reliable reservoir of military manpower, for much of the century (1733-1788) farmers and their sons between 14 and 36 years of age were tied to their farms by law (adscription, stavnsbdnd). This regulation covered both Denmark and Norway.
The interests and worldviews promoted by the groups that mobilize need not always fit with the economic interests voiced. Social movements - most relevant here is the mobilization of peasants, craftsmen, etc. - in turn lead to institutions which put their mark on society even after the movements themselves have become less active, or at least integrated into the social and political structure. Here Tilly's model (1990) of the capitalized coercion type of state formation is highly relevant, and implies at least two links to the development of Killing for the State, Dyingfor the Nation 23 civil society.
This is not surprising when we consider how radical the ideological, political and military threat from France actually was. The French revolutionaries believed passionately in spreading reason and republican institutions to their reactionary neighbors; this was even Napoleon's belief, even as he grew increasingly conservative at home. Moreover, France was not shy about expanding its political sway, either via forced alliances or 34 LARS MJOSET AND STEPHEN VAN HOLDE outright annexation, especially along its less secure eastern and northern frontiers.