By Philip J. Stooke
Masking the 1st 5 many years of the exploration of Mars, this atlas is the main unique visible reference on hand. It brings jointly, for the 1st time, a wealth of knowledge from diversified assets, that includes annotated maps, images, tables, and distinct descriptions of each Mars project in chronological order, from the sunrise of the gap age to Mars show. distinct realization is given to touchdown website choice, together with connection with a few missions that have been deliberate yet by no means flew. Phobos and Deimos, the tiny moons of Mars, are lined in a separate part. modern maps show our bettering wisdom of the planets floor during the latter 1/2 the 20th century. Written in non-technical language, this atlas is a different source for someone drawn to planetary sciences, the background of house exploration, and cartography, whereas the precise bibliography and chart information are specially necessary for tutorial researchers and scholars.
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Extra resources for The International Atlas of Mars Exploration: Volume 1, 1953 to 2003: The First Five Decades
This is very uncertain, but if it happened, the location on Mars of any debris is unknown, as is the landing site targeting strategy for the mission. 18 July 1965: Zond 3 (Soviet Union) Zond 3 was similar or identical to Zond 2, but a delay meant that it missed its 1964 launch window to Mars. Instead it was launched as a technology test vehicle and passed the Moon to image part of its far side, which had not been seen previously. 4 minutes. It was injected into a heliocentric orbit which intersected the orbit of Mars, but at a time when Mars was far from that point.
A Boeing plan for a large nuclear rocket to send crews to Mars or Mars and Venus between 1978 and 1998, with various mission designs lasting between 460 and 900 days. North American Rockwell described a lander which could ﬂy in 1982, a light version putting two people on Mars for four days, a heavier version placing four people on Mars for 30 days. NASA’s Space Task Group described a mission involving nuclear rockets, with twin 1981 launches and 1982 Mars orbit operations. During two days in orbit, the crew would select landing sites for 12 robotic sample return probes.
Darkening from north can be seen in 1975. Wave of darkening present but waning; also see 1969 comments. Reported seasonal colour changes, crossing linear features. Alternative: see 1969, candidate for successive landings at one site. Alternative: changes reported, darkening via Hellespontus channel? 1973. Primary Objectives: Deserts and Canals. Two Landers. Propontis Elysium 45° N, 185° W 25° N, 210° W Hellas Nix Olympica Ismenius 40° S, 290° W 20° N, 130° W 40° N, 330° W Typical ‘canal’, striking changes, edge of desert hemisphere.