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By Nina L. Collins

The interpretation of the Hebrew bible into Greek introduced the Jewish Scriptures into the non-Jewish international and enabled Greek-speaking Jews, the founders of Christianity, to set up a faith in accordance with its prophecies. This available examine argues that the Pentateuch was once translated in 281 BC for Ptolemy II by means of a group of translators operating for Demetrius of Phalerum, the librarian of the good Library of Alexandria. Collins provides the facts for this date, the competition of the Jews, the inducement in the back of the paintings and the repurcussions of the interpretation. She additionally examines Demetrius of Phalerum who, she argues, used to be not just the worker of Ptolemy II yet used to be additionally the 1st librarian of the Alexandria Library created via Ptolemy I. this is often an informative historical past of either the Bible and the early historical past of Alexandria, and its Library, below the 1st Ptolemies.

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Additional resources for The Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)

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260-339 CE. A list of the books written before 392 CE is recorded by Jerome in De Viris Illustribus 135. /f! v. 'Ptolemais', col. 1645, citing Athen. 45c, who notes that Polybius (fl. 2nd cent. BCE) referred to Ptolemy II as 'Philadelphus'. The name Philadelphus for Arsinoe II first appears on a coin produced in her honour by Ptolemy II after she died, see Morkholm (1991), p. 102, and Polybius supplies the earliest, literary record. See also Fraser, ii (1972), p. 366 n. 227. 26 CHAPTER TWO of these years marks the date noted by the chronologer when he converted the date into a specific Olympiad year.

131, who suggests p. 134 that the adjustment was probably made after the death of Arsinoe II. Alexander died 10th June 323 BCE, corresponding to the 28th Daisos of that year. 75 Grzybek (1990), pp. 124-9. /b Hazzard (1987), pp. 147, 148. The back-dating of the Egyptian regnal years of Ptolemy II took place well after the date of the translation of the Pentateuch, and so is not strictly relevant to the discussion here. '' The Latin Chronicle states that a translation of the Pentateuch was made 'when Philadelphus was king', in 'the second year of the 124th Olympiad'.

28, n. 99, the phrase 'more or less' occurs in the Syriac version of Epiphanius' Weights and Measures, but not in the Greek. This is correct for Epiphanius, PG 43, p. 256. But the phrase JiAevov ii eXocoaov appears in the Greek version of Wendland (1900), p. 148, and in the English translation of Thackeray (1918), p. 115. 81 Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho 88. 82 Observed by Finegan (1964), p. 274, §427, citing: (1) Lk 3:23, 'Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about (cxret) thirty years of age'; (2) Irenaeus, Adv.

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