By G. Spencer
Much is understood concerning the media's position in clash, yet a ways much less is understood in regards to the media's position in peace. Graham Spencer's learn addresses this deficiency by way of supplying a comparative research of reporting conflicts from around the globe and studying media receptiveness to the advance of peace. This e-book establishes an issue for the necessity to reconsider journalistic accountability when it comes to peace and interrogates the results of reports insurance that emphasizes clash over peace.
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In contemporary a long time the area has skilled the increase of so-called 'low depth conflicts'. not like traditional wars those very bloody armed conflicts are not any longer the affair of country governments and their armies. of their position look police-like armed devices, safeguard prone and mystery providers, teams and agencies of spiritual, political and social enthusiasts able to inn to violence, 'militias', bands of mercenaries, or simply gangs of thugs, led by way of the condottiere of the twenty first century, which includes militant charismatics, armed forces 'generals', 'drug barons', and 'warlords' of varied forms.
This e-book examines the concept that of legitimacy because it can be used to provide an explanation for the luck, or failure, of key balance operations because the finish of the chilly warfare. within the good fortune of balance operations, legitimacy is vital. so that it will be successful, the intervening strength needs to create a feeling of legitimacy of the venture one of the quite a few constituencies fascinated about and considering the enterprise.
This paintings examines neighborhood possession in UN peacekeeping and the way nationwide and foreign actors engage and proportion accountability in fragile post-conflict contexts summary: This paintings examines neighborhood possession in UN peacekeeping and the way nationwide and overseas actors have interaction and proportion accountability in fragile post-conflict contexts
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Extra info for The Media and Peace: From Vietnam to the ‘War on Terror’
The observation that ‘framing of the crisis in Somalia as a humanitarian disaster the United States could do something about does not appear on television until it had appeared in Washington ﬁrst’ (Merin 1999: 131) raises questions about whether the CNN effect is pressure or inﬂuence, whether it moves policy or merely produces change in how policy is presented. N. presence in Somalia continued to stall’ because ‘the call for intervention was not echoed in Washington’ (ibid: 132). S. intervention in Somalia, in sum, is not at heart evidence of the power of television to move governments; it is evidence of the power of governments to move television’ (ibid: 137).
Pressure on politicians is created, then, because on the one hand news can demand reaction which might magnify positions of uncertainty or weakness and, on the other, because that weakness is witnessed publicly on an international stage, providing opponents and other actors with an opportunity to capitalize on the visible uncertainty. For politicians to successfully manage the CNN climate, it is clear that they must be seen to be reﬂexive, adaptive and prepared to utilize the persuasive signs and symbols necessary to support public perceptions of political strength and certainty (ibid: 45).
The media event has a number of effects on public opinion and political institutions (ibid: 199–202) which: help to reinforce the status of participants and issues involved; make evident the personalization of power; create expectations of openness; remove the need for intermediaries; and reconﬁgure social relations (ibid: 213–14). Along with the political spectacle, what the media event helps us to realize, is that news coverage can provide a range of communicative possibilties for politics which are largely drawn from the political arena, which itself inﬂuences the organization, planning and management of journalistic interest.