Download The Media and Peace: From Vietnam to the ‘War on Terror’ by G. Spencer PDF

By G. Spencer

Much is understood concerning the media's position in clash, yet a ways much less is understood in regards to the media's position in peace. Graham Spencer's learn addresses this deficiency by way of supplying a comparative research of reporting conflicts from around the globe and studying media receptiveness to the advance of peace. This e-book establishes an issue for the necessity to reconsider journalistic accountability when it comes to peace and interrogates the results of reports insurance that emphasizes clash over peace.

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Extra info for The Media and Peace: From Vietnam to the ‘War on Terror’

Sample text

The observation that ‘framing of the crisis in Somalia as a humanitarian disaster the United States could do something about does not appear on television until it had appeared in Washington first’ (Merin 1999: 131) raises questions about whether the CNN effect is pressure or influence, whether it moves policy or merely produces change in how policy is presented. N. presence in Somalia continued to stall’ because ‘the call for intervention was not echoed in Washington’ (ibid: 132). S. intervention in Somalia, in sum, is not at heart evidence of the power of television to move governments; it is evidence of the power of governments to move television’ (ibid: 137).

Pressure on politicians is created, then, because on the one hand news can demand reaction which might magnify positions of uncertainty or weakness and, on the other, because that weakness is witnessed publicly on an international stage, providing opponents and other actors with an opportunity to capitalize on the visible uncertainty. For politicians to successfully manage the CNN climate, it is clear that they must be seen to be reflexive, adaptive and prepared to utilize the persuasive signs and symbols necessary to support public perceptions of political strength and certainty (ibid: 45).

The media event has a number of effects on public opinion and political institutions (ibid: 199–202) which: help to reinforce the status of participants and issues involved; make evident the personalization of power; create expectations of openness; remove the need for intermediaries; and reconfigure social relations (ibid: 213–14). Along with the political spectacle, what the media event helps us to realize, is that news coverage can provide a range of communicative possibilties for politics which are largely drawn from the political arena, which itself influences the organization, planning and management of journalistic interest.

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