Download The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 2: The Western by M. A. Cook PDF

By M. A. Cook

The hot Cambridge historical past of Islam is a finished heritage of Islamic civilization, tracing its improvement from its beginnings in seventh-century Arabia to its large and sundry presence within the globalised global of this day. The six volumes replicate the geographical distribution and the cultural, social and spiritual range of the peoples of the Muslim international. 4 volumes disguise old advancements and are dedicated to issues that minimize throughout geographical and chronological divisions, starting from social, political and fiscal relatives to the humanities, literature and studying. each one volumes advent units the scene for the consequent chapters and examines relationships with adjoining civilizations. Written through a workforce combining tested gurus and emerging students within the box, it will be the traditional reference for college students, students and all people with enquiring minds for future years.

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Additional resources for The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 2: The Western Islamic World, Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries

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By contrast, Ayyu¯bid rule was not imperial, and the Ayyu¯bid ‘Muslim military patronage state’ was not predominantly bureaucratic or institutional. 26 The Ottomans carried centralisation further than previous governments, as shown by their army, their policy of legal codification, the creation of impersonal bureaucratic procedures, and the development of administratively subordinate religious elites. 27 Thanks to it, the maintenance or loss of Ottoman rule in near and distant provinces can be analysed in detail, while allowing for the reconstruction of the different patterns of imperial and local elites formation according to time and space.

Bougie is taken from Spain. urghu¯d obtains the governorship of Tripolitania. urghu¯d. Failure of Ottoman siege of Malta. Death of Süleyma¯n the Magnificent. Spanish attempt to conquer Algiers. The Ottomans lose Yemen. Ottoman failed plan for the construction of a canal between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. Great Morisco rebellion in Granada. Ottoman reconquest of Yemen. The kingdom of Tunis incorporated into the Ottoman empire. Failed Ottoman attack against Astrakhan. The allied fleet of Venice, Spain, the Knights of St John and the Pope destroy much of the Ottoman fleet off Naupaktos (Lepanto) in the Gulf of Corinth.

21 Although the Ottoman armies continued to make use of a well trained infantry and gunpowder technology, the mamlu¯k institu tion survived under the Ottomans, thus showing a remarkable degree of adaptability. 22 By the eleventh/seventeenth century, Ottoman military superiority was showing signs of decay, as only limited attempts were made to catch up with the increased firepower of European and especially of the Russian armies. It has been said that ‘the most important function of a pre modern Islamic state was the raising and paying of the military forces.

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