Download The New US Security Agenda: Trends and Emerging Threats by Brian Fonseca, Jonathan D. Rosen (auth.) PDF

By Brian Fonseca, Jonathan D. Rosen (auth.)

War, nuclear guns, and terrorism are all significant threats to US protection, yet a brand new set of rising threats are difficult the present chance reaction gear and our skill to come back up with inventive and potent strategies. This e-book considers new, 'non-traditional' defense matters akin to: transnational equipped crime, immigration and border safeguard, cybersecurity, countering violent extremism and terrorism, environmental and effort safety, in addition to the increase of exterior actors. The paintings examines the main demanding situations and traits in defense and explores the coverage responses of the U.S. govt. through the use of diplomacy concept as an analytical method, Fonseca and Rosen current how those safety threats have developed through the years.

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1 percent are located in smaller cities. 5 had between 11 and 25 gangs. 7 percent of large cities had fewer than 5 gangs. 8 percent had 5–10 gangs. 4 percent of large cities had between 1,001–2,500 gang members. 5 percent had between 101–250 gang members. 7 percent. 1 percent of suburban counties had between 101–250 gang members. In terms of violence, the number of gang-related homicides from 2007 to 2012 has increased. The total number of gang homicides in 2007 was 1,975. In 2009, the number of gang homicides increased to 2,083 from 1,659 in 2008.

Ted Galen Carpenter argues: President Felipe Calderón’s decision in December 2006 to have the military launch a full-scale offensive against drug trafficking organizations, though, is a major reason why violence has spiked. Calderón was not the first Mexican president to employ the military against the drug lords, but previous efforts were limited, isolated affairs. His campaign was a massive, militarized attack 30 B. D. ROSEN on the trafficking empires. Not surprisingly, the cartels have struck back.

In 2014 alone, the country saw a surge in the number of homicides by 57 percent, revealing the negative repercussions of the breakdown of the truce. 3 a day in October before starting to climb again. ”137 El Salvador has been hard-hit by high levels of gang violence. Carlos Garcia states: Since the end of El Salvador’s gang truce in mid-2014, violence in the country has been increasing at an alarming rate. Last July, both gangs ordered a bus strike, providing a clear demonstration of their power.

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