By Mirjam van der Vorm-Croughs
Van der Vorm-Croughs focuses this translation examine at the procedures resulting in pluses and minuses together with linguistic and stylistic elements (i.e., situations during which components were further or passed over for the sake of a formal use of the Greek language), literary points (additions and omissions intended to brighten the Greek text), translation technical features (e.g., the avoidance of redundancy), and contextual and intertextual exegesis and harmonization. This paintings additionally covers the relation among the Greek Isaiah and its attainable Hebrew Vorlage to aim to figure out which pluses and minuses can have been the results of the translator’s use of a distinct Hebrew textual content.
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Additional resources for The Old Greek of Isaiah: An Analysis of Its Pluses and Minuses
The latter noun means “multitude,” parallel to ÈÂý¿ÇË. # in the same sense, and collapsed these two expressions together into Á¸ĖÈÂý¿ÇË. 81 According to Tov the translator, having rendered #:/ with ŢÊÑÄ¼Å, “felt compelled to render #& antitheticallywith »ŧÊÏÉ¾ÊÌÇË (Tov, Text-Critical Use of the Septuagint, 139). Troxel thinks “this seems a maneuver of last resort to wrest meaning from confusion”(Troxel, LXX-Isaiah as Translation, 93). 82 For a discussion of the rendering of this verse, see Scholz, Alexandrinische Uebersetzung, 31; Fischer, In Welcher Schrift, 19; Ottley, Book of Isaiah, 2:117; Ziegler, Untersuchungen, 61; Tov, Text-Critical Use of the Septuagint, 138–39; Troxel, LXX-Isaiah as Translation, 93.
65 Yet, in favour of the assumption that ÒÈġ ÈÇ»ľÅ in Isa 1:6 is a translation at word level—with 5)being a minus—one can argue that it was not really necessary for the translator to omit an equivalent for 5): He could have reproduced +:¡5)/in a more literal way by Ìġ ċÏÅÇË ÌÇı ÈÇ»ĠË, as has also happened in Deut 11:24; 28:35, 56, 65; Josh 1:3; and 2 Sam/2 Kgdms 14:25. As a consequence of this often vague distinction between translation at word or phrase level, I have to admit that in the present study I have not always been as faithful to this demarcation as I may here have led the reader to expect.
3 This is why I do not agree with Jan de Waard when he posits that one should not speak about “additions” if information is already implied by the source text and merely made explicit by the translator, but only if the text provides new information: So we should no longer speak of “interpretative additions” in translation when we mean to say that implicit source information has been made explicit. In such a case nothing has been added to the source text. 4 This principle of de Waard is in my opinion not feasible, because—as already stated—it is not always so evident whether an extra element in the translation is presupposed by the source text, or that it truly offers new information.