By Diana Vikander Edelman
Darius I, King of Persia, claims to have finished many deeds within the early years of his reign, yet was once one in all them the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem? The editor who extra the date to the books of Haggai and Zechariah idea so, and the writer of Ezra 1-6 then depended on his dates while writing his account of the rebuilding method. The genealogical details inside the e-book of Nehemiah, although, indicates differently; it exhibits that Zerubbabel and Nehemiah have been both contemporaries, or a iteration aside in age, now not a few sixty five years aside. therefore, both Zerubabbel and the temple rebuilding has to be moved to the reign of Artaxerxes I, or Nehemiah and the rebuilding of the town partitions has to be moved to the reign of Darius I. during this ground-breaking quantity, the argument is made that the temple was once outfitted through the reign of Artaxerxes I. The editor of Haggai and Zechariah mistakenly set the development less than Darius I simply because he used to be inspired via either a wish to exhibit the achievement of inherited prophecy and by means of Darius' largely circulated autobiography of his upward thrust to strength. In mild of the cost styles in Yehud throughout the Persian interval, it really is proposed that Artaxerxes I instituted a grasp plan to include Yehud into the Persian highway, postal, and armed forces platforms. The rebuilding of the temple was once a minor a part of the bigger plan that supplied infantrymen stationed within the fort in Jerusalem and civilians dwelling within the new provincial seat with a spot to worship their local god whereas additionally delivering a spot to shop taxes and monies gathered on behalf of the Persian management. Diana Edelman is a senior lecturer within the Dept. of bible study on the college of Sheffield. Her learn has all in favour of the King Saul in background and culture, Israelite faith through the time of the monarchy, and now could be centering at the emergence of Judaism within the Persian interval with the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem. She is the writer of King Saul within the Historiography of Judah (Sheffield educational Press, 1991) and editor of the material of background: textual content, Artifact and Israel's earlier (Sheffield educational Press, 1991), You Shall now not Abhor an Edomite for he's your Brother: Edom and Seir in heritage and culture (Scholars Press, 1995) and The Triumph of Elohim: From Yahwisms to Judaisms (Kok Pharos 1995; reprinted through Eerdmans).
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Extra info for The Origins of the 'Second' Temple: Persian Imperial Policy and the Rebuilding of Jerusalem (BibleWorld)
In an Elephantine papyrus, the plural form occurs in reference to ofﬁcers or treasurers responsible for the payment of salaries (Bresciani 1960: 13-14). Thus, this title seems to designate a person who has been appointed to oversee the interests of the government and could be applied to a range of speciﬁc assignments; it was not limited to a governor. In the current situation, it is unlikely that Elnatan, Zerubbabel’s son-in-law, would have succeeded him as governor rather than one of his two sons, Meshullam or Hananiah.
Talmon 1976: 325; Lemaire 1977: 130; Meyers 1985: 33*-34*; Williamson1988: 75-76; Laperoussaz 1989: 61). Figure 4. Seal of Shelomit N. Avigad, Bullae and Seals from a Post-Exilic Judean Archive (Qedem, 5; Jerusalem: The Insitute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1976): 11. Reproduced by kind permission of the Israel Exploration Society. It would have been logical for the daughter of the governor, and a Davidic descendant as well, to have been married off to an inﬂuential member of the community.
During his term in ofﬁce, there was a reported registration of the representatives of the chief Levitical families (Neh. 22-26), whose names were said to have been recorded in the book of Chronicles. 23). Yet, interestingly, the ensuing list of names is said to date to a registration that had been conducted under Eliashiv’s father, Yoiakim, not under Eliashiv, and this registration is then also placed during the administration of Nehemiah the governor (and Ezra the scribe) (Neh. 26). While Shereviah has continued in ofﬁce, Kadmiel has been replaced by his son 1.