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By Ronald J. Barr

The writer seeks to give an explanation for the production of a contemporary American military in a rustic antagonistic to centralised army energy. The impact of varied eu international locations at the US army are tested. The primary subject matter, in spite of the fact that, is how a small variety of influential figures inspired with US enterprise borrowed administration innovations from nationwide businesses to modernise the military. it really is argued those army reforms represented a much wider effect within the revolutionary period which sought to utilise administration thoughts built via US enterprise to enhance government.

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Additional info for The Progressive Army: US Army Command and Administration, 1870–1914

Sample text

The solution was to place all military administration under the commanding general. 68 McKinley despaired of getting any sweeping army reform accepted and eventually approved a measure calling for a larger army and ignoring the other problems. On 2 March 1899, an act entitled Increasing the Efficiency of the Anny, was passed by a partisan vote in Congress. The act authorised an army of 65 000 men and allowed the President to raise a further 35 000 volunteers, who would remain in service until July 1901.

The mismanagement of the hospital service in the rear has been such that my men will not leave the regiment if they can possibly help it; yet here we have nothing for them but hardtack, bacon and generally coffee without sugar. I cannot get even oatmeal without paying for it myself ... The engineers and artillery have done poorly and the hospital division even worse. But the prime difficulty has been the lack of transportation, including the means to land from ships. 49 Shafter wrote to the War Department, describing the condition of thousands of troops who needed medicine, while all the field hospitals could provide for 11 days was a supply of quinine.

He faced an arduous task in mobilising the army for war. In the words of Alger: 'After 33 years of peace, during the greater part of which the army did not exceed 26 000 men, it suddenly became necessary to arm, feed, and equip more than 250 000 men. ' 25 The demands of war quickly overwhelmed the War Department and its bureaux, and exposed the lack of army intelligence, or staff system. The army had no pre-planned campaign of military action, and little intelligence on the Spanish army. Major-General Arthur MacArthur, a divisional commander in MajorGeneral Wesley Merritt's force to invade the Philippines, described the woeful state of army intelligence: It was my privilege to join Eighth Corps at San Francisco in June 1898, and on the 27th of that month I started for Manila in command of the third detachment of the Corps, consisting of five ships and approximately 5000 men.

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