By Jakub Siednienko, Sinead M. Miggin (auth.), Claire E. McCoy, Luke A. J. O’Neill (eds.)
In addition to their valuable function within the struggle opposed to an infection, Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) in an lower than- or over-active country can result in the pathogenesis of ailment, making those receptors a key point of interest for lots of examine laboratories. In Toll-Like Receptors: tools and Protocols, specialists within the box give a contribution suggestions presently used to review TLRs, their downstream signalling pathways, and their function within the pathogenesis of disorder, with sections analyzing TLR expression and the applying of genetic strategies and microarray research to TLR examine. Written within the hugely winning Methods in Molecular Biology™ sequence structure, chapters contain short introductions to the themes, lists of the mandatory fabrics and reagents, step by step, comfortably reproducible laboratory protocols, and Notes sections highlighting tips about troubleshooting and warding off recognized pitfalls.
Versatile and state-of-the-art, Toll-Like Receptors: equipment and Protocols offers an amazing guide for a variety of biologists and scientific researchers learning those important parts of the immune system.
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This can be a well-researched e-book that might attract either lecturers and entrepeneurs. Dr. Teng is a widely known professional during this box and provides a powerful standpoint. I hugely suggest the ebook.
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Extra info for Toll-Like Receptors: Methods and Protocols
J Immunol 175, 1636–42. 88. , Wang, Y. H. & Liu, Y. J. (2005). Plasmacytoid dendritic cell precursors/ type I interferon-producing cells sense viral infection by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and TLR9. Springer Semin Immunopathol 26, 221–9. Chapter 3 Toll-Like Receptor Interactions Imaged by FRET Microscopy and GFP Fragment Reconstitution Gabor Horvath, Scott Young, and Eicke Latz Summary Protein–protein interactions regulate biological networks. The most proximal events that initiate signal transduction frequently are receptor dimerization or conformational changes in receptor complexes.
Wagner, H. & Bauer, S. (2004). Speciesspecific recognition of single-stranded RNA via toll-like receptor 7 and 8. Science 303, 1526–9. 35. , Takeda, K. & Akira, S. (2002). Small anti-viral compounds activate immune cells via the TLR7 MyD88-dependent signaling pathway. Nat Immunol 3, 196–200. 36. , Wagner, H. & Bauer, S. (2003). The Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-specific stimulus loxoribine uncovers a strong relationship within the TLR7, 8 and 9 subfamily. Eur J Immunol 33, 2987–97. 37. Gorden, K.
The excitation coefficients and concentrations are practically scaling the calculated transfer efficiency values to an absolute scale, which is only dependent on the Förster critical distance. The advantage of this calculation is that the sensitized emission intensity is compared to very low fluorescence intensity, as the acceptor usually cannot be efficiently excited at the donor excitation wavelength. However, considerable spectral bleed-through from the donor can represent a major technical hurdle.