By Roland E. Murphy, Rolf P. Knierim, Gene M. Tucker
Knowledge Literature is quantity XIII of The kinds of the outdated testomony Literature, a sequence that goals to provide a form-critical research of each booklet and every unit within the Hebrew Bible. essentially exegetical, the FOTL volumes learn the constitution, style, atmosphere, and purpose of the biblical literature in query. in addition they research the background in the back of the form-critical dialogue of the fabric, try to carry consistency to the terminology for the genres and formulation of the biblical literature, and divulge the exegetical strategy with a view to permit scholars and pastors to interact of their personal research and interpretation of the previous testomony texts. This quantity examines the books of task, Proverbs, Ruth, Canticles (Song of Songs), Ecclesiastes, and Esther. earlier form-critical paintings is thoroughly evaluated, and the result's a thorough-going form-critical remedy of this a part of the outdated testomony. The paintings is greater by means of bibliographies for every outdated testomony booklet and a thesaurus of normal phrases.
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Additional info for Wisdom Literature: Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Canticles, Ecclesiastes, and Esther (Forms of the Old Testament Literature)
An example story about punishment of evildoing 3-5 2. Wisdom sayings concerning man's trouble ('āmāl) 6-7 Β. A hymnic description of the God to whom Job should appeal (note quasi-acrostic features, esp. 'aleph eight times in v. 8; eliminate v. 9 as reduplication of 9:10) 8-13 1. Job is advised to appeal to God 8 2. A doxology 10-13 a. God's providential power 10-11 b. God's wisdom prevails over the wicked 12-13 C. Median strophe (cf. 15:17-19; 22:12-14), which develops the divine action (described in vv.
Structure I. Introduction II. The complaint (24 lines: 4 / 4 / 3 / 3 / 3 / 4 / 3 ) A. Curse of day B. Curse of night C. Complaint motif: why born? D. Description of residents in Sheol: a surcease from suffering E. Complaint motif: why is life given? F. Description of personal distress 1-2 3-26 3-6 7-10 11-12, 16 13-15, 17-19 20-23 24-26 On this structure see Skehan (pp. 99-100). Fohrer divides into strophes, and A. Weiser into "sections," as follows: vv. 3-10, 11-19, 20-26—a division that is also advocated by C.
Description of personal distress 1-2 3-26 3-6 7-10 11-12, 16 13-15, 17-19 20-23 24-26 On this structure see Skehan (pp. 99-100). Fohrer divides into strophes, and A. Weiser into "sections," as follows: vv. 3-10, 11-19, 20-26—a division that is also advocated by C. Westermann (pp. 31-33) and D. N. Freedman (Bib 49  503-8) with detailed argument. The poem begins clearly at v. 3. The cursing of the day (vv. 3-6) is balanced by the cursing of the night (vv. 7-10), and in v. 10 the ki ("because") clause justifies both curses in fact, though it is applied to the night.