By Committee on Family And Work Policies, National Research Council
An informative mixture of information and dialogue, this article provides conclusions and suggestions for regulations which can reply to the hot stipulations shaping America's operating households. one of the relatives and paintings tendencies reviewed are: the growing to be inhabitants of moms with teenagers within the staff; the expanding reliance of nonparental baby care; the transforming into demanding situations of households on welfare; and the elevated figuring out of kid and adolescent improvement. incorporated during this complete assessment of the learn and information on kin go away, baby care and source of revenue aid matters are: the results of early baby care and school-age baby care on baby improvement; the affects of relations paintings guidelines on baby and adolescent wellbeing and fitness and relations functioning; the adjustments to federal and nation welfare coverage; the emergence of a 24/7 economic system; the usage of paid kinfolk depart; and an exam of the methods parental employment impacts kids as they make their method via early life and youth. The textual content additionally evaluates the aid structures to be had to operating households, together with family members and clinical depart, baby care concepts and tax regulations. The committee's conclusions and proposals can be of curiosity to someone interested in matters affecting the operating American relatives, specifically coverage makers, programme directors, social scientists, reporters, deepest and public zone leaders and kin advocates.
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Extra resources for Working Families and Growing Kids: Caring for Children and Adolescents
And whereas fathers were only with their children half as much time as mothers were in the 1960s, in the late 1990s they were spending 65 percent as much time with children as were mothers. Note that some of this time is double counted, in that both mother and father can be present. , 2002). Other research shows parallel findings of fathers’ increased time with children, at least among married fathers, and no substantial decline in mothers’ time with children, on average (Sandberg and Hofferth, 2001).
Updated research based on data from the National Survey of Families and Households on families shows that evening and rotating shifts allow for less quality time together for spouses, compared with working daytime shifts (Presser, in press). Marital Stability Research conducted by White and Keith (1990) suggests that nonstandard work schedules have a negative effect on marital stability. Furthermore, Presser (2000) looked at the National Survey of Families and Households to consider whether nonstandard work schedules increase the likelihood of martial instability.
1). In the 1958 birth cohort, 22 percent had already become mothers by age 20, 50 percent by age 25, and 83 percent by age 40. The percentage of mothers with births by age 20 hover in the range of 20-23 percent for the cohort of women born up through the mid-1970s; the percentage who are mothers by age 25 is a little under 50 percent (4749 percent) for women born in the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s, women still in their childbearing years and for whom we do not yet know their completed fertility by age 40.